The discovery of red blood cells has made the treatment of anemia more effective. Researchers have studied why the body lacks red blood cell production in iron deficiency anemia.
Anemia is a type of blood disease, a condition in which the red blood cannot do its job or carry oxygen to the tissues. It causes weakness, lack of concentration and many other problems. Anemia is among the health problems of 1.6 billion people in the world, and this number is increasing over time.
There are many types and causes of anemia. The most common type is caused by iron deficiency. Iron is also vital for other biological functions in the body. Too much iron is also harmful to the body, and the body has mechanisms to ensure that this level is correct. Red blood cells are made in the bone marrow and are controlled by the hormone EPO. EPO sends instructions to stem cells in the bone marrow. Researchers have suggested that the lack of enough EPO receptors in the bone marrow may cause anemia. In studies on mice, it has been observed that the decrease in iron level causes the loss of EPO receptors. This situation can progress in a cycle and lead to anemia. Researchers have described this process as a complex symphony.
The researchers, who stated that the functioning of the EPO hormone and the prevention of the decrease in the receptors will create a new and effective alternative to the treatment of anemia, also stated that they will accelerate their studies on the subject.